Civil Society Overview
Irish Aid works closely with a wide range of Civil Society Organisations who make an important contribution to the eradication of poverty, hunger and human rights violations. Their work at grassroots level enables them to advocate for and empower local communities to participate in their own development. In 2012, the funding to NGO and Civil Society Organisations was almost €160 million or 30% of the total overseas aid budget was allocated to the work of CSOs in over 80 developing countries across the world.
What is civil society?
Civil society is seen as the space between the household and the State. This space is where citizens can provide or advocate for services where the State does not fulfill its primary responsibility to provide necessary services.
We work with a wide range of civil society organisations, embracing a number of different actors with individual roles and mandates. While our primary focus is on non-governmental organisations (NGOs), we also support the work of groups and associations such as:
- trade unions
- professional associations
- community –based organisations
- faith-based and missionary organisations
- social movements and networks
Why we work with Civil Society Organisations?
In the overseas development programme, we recognise that the delivery of services is primarily the responsibility of the state but CSOs play an important role in ensuring that poor people and communities have a voice and participate in decisions.
Civil society organisations play an important role in ensuring that poor people and communities have a voice and participate in decisions.
This can result in better services and the promotion and protection of human rights. Our support for civil society is aimed at encouraging and promoting partnership between government and civil society and in doing so we are guided by the Irish Aid Civil Society Policy 2008. The policy’s main objectives are to support:
- a safe and enabling environment where civil society is able to develop and function
- CSOs to hold State institutions to account for improved quality and access to information and services, as well as increased transparency
- CSOs to support the poorest members of society to participate in the economy and access quality services
- CSOs, globally and nationally, to engage in promoting development, human rights and social justice
How we support the work of CSOs?
Irish Aid supports CSOs working at international, national and community level in a range of sectors including governance, health, education, agriculture, gender equality, disability and human rights, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. We do this in a number of ways:
Through our country programmes
In the delivery of our country strategy plans in our partner countries, CSOs are supported to promote accountability, and pilot new, innovative approaches and advocacy.
Through our Irish Embassies
Funding is provided for small development projects undertaken by local CSOs in a limited number of developing countries that are not key partner countries.
Through Irish Aid HQ
Significant funding is allocated to Irish and international NGOs for their long-term development, emergency and human rights and conflict resolution work, as well as development education and public awareness initiatives.
Read more about Civil Society funding
See Annex 19 of the Irish Aid Annual Report for a list of organisations that received funding through the main civil society funding schemes administered by Irish Aid HQ.